It is quite similar to a viola, only with a somewhat smaller size and the sound it generates is high.
It has four strings that must be played by a bow to produce certain musical notes. This arc of which we speak is a rod of about 30 centimeters slightly curved, with a wooden base and with a tape called “bristles” that is usually made with horsehair.
Types of violins
According to instrument sizes
There are many types of violins and each one differs for various reasons. One of the reasons is the sizes in which it can be manufactured. Probably the most used violin is 4/4, which is the largest violin. However, the violins used by children and people with small hands are the 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, and 7/8 violins.
The 4/4 violin is the one that is normally used that is used as a concert violin.
In the same way, we get the lady violin, which is rare and not widely used but also deserves a mention. This is what adults usually use with very small hands.
According to violin makers
According to the violin manufacturers, we can find 3 main types.
First of all, we should mention the elite violins, which are made by hand. They are usually manufactured in European countries such as Italy and Germany, which has a great history in the music scene. This type of violin tends to be quite expensive due to the quality and manual work used in its manufacture.
On the other hand, there are prefabricated violins, which are those made by machines where the manufacturer only has to take care of assembling the pieces.
Then, finally, we run into the factory violins, which are completely made by a machine. They are not the best quality, but they tend to be the cheapest in the market.
Parts of the violin
Regardless of the violin class, we are referring to, everyone has the following parts in common:
- the scroll
- the ropes,
- the bridge,
- the tuner,
- the chin guard,
- the handle,
- the ribs,
- the bottom
- and the bearded
And despite not being a part of the violin itself, the bow is the fundamental piece since this music generates the instrument.